Spidey: Where did you get the inclination that my sole source of information was school textbooks? I'm well aware of what the US has and hasn't done. I also never said that we won in Vietnam. I was just reluctant to say we lost. These are two different things. I did say that we achieved our overarching goals though. Duel: Please don't tell me to read more on WW2. I finished college long ago and have continued reading this, my favorite, topic ever since. I've read books by several different authors (mostly American), Keegan is one of the few non-US exceptions. I've also read a good compilation put together by several military analysts and professors (again mostly US but some foreign). Ambrose is a good source, he has done serious research from the archives of many nations and has interviewed thousands of people that were there. These people were German, British, American and other nationalities. It was no big secret that the US was likely going to go war with Japan. There were feelings in the 20's that Japan, down the road, was likely to become an opponent of the US - because of this we felt we needed to strengthen our Pacific bases and beef-up our Pacific fleet. A few years before WW2 began Congress passed the Two Oceans Naval Act. An indication to Japan that we perceived them as a threat - and an agreement with ourselves that we wanted to be prepared when and if a conflict started. "And if the whole world is against you, you're outvoted, not evil. That's called Mob Rule, Mr. USA." - how very coy of you. What is your point? Are you trying to sound witty or are you alluding that Germany was just misunderstood? When diverse nations such as Russia and those from the West can come together to fight a greater evil (Germany), that is saying something about world opinion about you. Getting a whole country to march to the beat of the same drum is difficult, but to get most of the world united against you, you have to be thought of as a serious global threat.